3 Surgical Treatments for Fibroids

3 Surgical Treatments for Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are a common condition affecting over 35 million women in America. They develop more often in women over 35, and black women have a much greater likelihood of developing these fibrous tumors than other women. 

Fibroids grow in your uterus or in the wall of the lining, and they vary in size. Some women get small fibroids, while others may experience growths as large as a grapefruit. While fibroids aren’t cancerous, they can cause problematic symptoms, including:

At Signature Women’s Healthcare in Lawrenceville and Lithonia, Georgia, our OB/GYN providers diagnose and treat uterine fibroids using a variety of methods. For many women, surgical treatments can provide effective relief. Here’s a look at three minimally invasive options. 

1. Endometrial ablation

Endometrial ablation is an outpatient surgical procedure that doesn’t require an incision. Instead, your Signature Women’s Healthcare provider uses a tool that’s inserted through your vagina and into the uterus. 

The tool emits heat energy to ablate (destroy) the lining of your uterus. This procedure is an option for women with small fibroids who experience heavy bleeding that hasn’t responded to less invasive therapies. 

2. Uterine fibroid embolization

Like endometrial ablation, uterine fibroid embolization (UFE), also called uterine artery embolization (UAE), cuts off the blood supply to the fibroids. Your provider inserts a catheter into the targeted blood vessels, then injects a chemical that blocks the flow of blood. 

UFE is a safe and effective treatment for women with moderate-sized fibroids who aren’t looking to become pregnant. Research shows that 85% or more of UFE patients experience a significant reduction in problematic symptoms. 

3. Myolysis

Instead of cutting off the blood supply, myolysis is a minimally invasive laparoscopic surgical procedure designed to shrink uterine fibroids. It works by using a laser, an electrical current, or liquid nitrogen to destroy the fibrous muscle tissue that makes up fibroids.  

Myolysis is a good option for women with four or fewer fibroids that are no larger than 10 centimeters. It’s not a good option for women who want to become pregnant in the future, as it can create scar tissue and weaken the wall of the uterus. 

What if my fibroids are very large?

For women with especially big fibroids, your Signature Women’s Healthcare provider may recommend other types of surgery to address your condition. A myomectomy is a type of surgery that’s used to remove fibroids from the uterus and can be used for women with fibroids hoping to become pregnant. 

For some women, the only way to alleviate the symptoms associated with uterine fibroids is a hysterectomy. This surgery removes the uterus completely and is not usually recommended as the first line of treatment.  

Learn more about your treatment options for uterine fibroids by contacting the Signature Women’s Healthcare office nearest you, or book an appointment online now.

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